Andreas Daniel is known for his work on Casino Royale (), Ein Neues Wir - Ökodörfer und ökologische Gemeinschaften in Europa () and VIP zprávy. Aug 20, Casino Royale thrillingly rebooted James Bond for the . also be made that the genre starts with 's Dr. No, the first James Bond movie. Aug 20, MC – CASINO ROYALE AT 60James james bond ganzer film . Für den actiongeladenen Agentenfilm „Casino Royal“ aus dem Jahr liefert .. Filmdetails Casino Royale Genre Drama, Kriminalfilm Handlung Agent.
One day they see a mysterious man named Gettler tracking their movements, which greatly distresses Lynd. The following morning, Bond finds that she has committed suicide.
She leaves behind a note explaining that she had been working as an unwilling double agent for the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.
She had tried to start a new life with Bond, but upon seeing Gettler—a SMERSH agent—she realised that she would never be free of her tormentors, and that staying with Bond would only put him in danger.
Bond informs his service of Lynd's duplicity, coldly telling his contact, "The bitch is dead now. Educated at Eton , Sandhurst and, briefly, the universities of Munich and Geneva , Fleming moved through several jobs before he was recruited by Rear Admiral John Godfrey , the Director of Naval Intelligence , to become his personal assistant.
Fleming joined the organisation full-time in August ,   with the codename "17F",  and worked for them throughout the war. In Fleming attended an Anglo-American intelligence summit in Jamaica and, despite the constant heavy rain during his visit, he decided to live on the island once the war was over.
In this role he oversaw the paper's worldwide network of correspondents. His contract allowed him to take two months holiday every winter in Jamaica.
Fleming had previously mentioned to friends that he wanted to write a spy novel,  but it was not until early , to distract himself from his forthcoming nuptials, that he began to write Casino Royale at his Goldeneye estate in Jamaica on 17 February; he typed out 2, words in the morning, directly from his own experiences and imagination,   and finished work on the manuscript in March In May he wrote a piece for Books and Bookmen magazine in which he said: I never correct anything and I never go back to see what I have written By following my formula, you write 2, words a day.
Back in London, Fleming had his manuscript—which he described as his "dreadful oafish opus"  —retyped by Joan Howe, his red-haired secretary at The Times on whom the character Miss Moneypenny was partly based.
At first they were unenthusiastic, but were persuaded to publish on the recommendation of Fleming's older brother, Peter , an established travel writer whose books they managed.
Although Fleming provided no dates within his novels, two writers have identified different timelines based on events and situations within the novel series as a whole.
John Griswold and Henry Chancellor—both of whom have written books on behalf of Ian Fleming Publications —put the events of Casino Royale in ; Griswold allows a possible second timeframe and considers the story could have taken place in either May to July , or May to July Casino Royale was inspired by certain incidents that took place during Fleming's wartime career at the Naval Intelligence Division NID , or by events of which he was aware.
Because of Portugal's neutral status, Estoril's population had been swelled by spies and agents from the warring regimes. Fleming claimed that while there he was cleaned out by a "chief German agent" at a table playing chemin de fer.
The failed attempt to kill Bond while at Royale-Les-Eaux was inspired by Fleming's knowledge of the attempted assassination of Franz von Papen , Vice-Chancellor of Germany and an ambassador under Hitler.
Both Papen and Bond survived their assassination attempts, carried out by Bulgarians, because trees protected them from the blasts.
Fleming also included four references in the novel to "Red Indians", including twice on the last page, which came from a unit of commandos , known as No.
Fleming initially named the character James Secretan before he appropriated the name of James Bond , author of the ornithology guide, Birds of the West Indies.
Fleming decided that Bond should resemble both the American singer Hoagy Carmichael and himself,  and in the novel Lynd remarks that "Bond reminds me rather of Hoagy Carmichael, but there is something cold and ruthless.
Bond's order, to be served in a deep champagne goblet , was for "three measures of Gordon's , one of vodka , half a measure of Kina Lillet.
Shake it very well until it's ice-cold, then add a large thin slice of lemon peel. Speaking of Bond's origins, Fleming said that "he was a compound of all the secret agents and commando types I met during the war",  although the author gave many of his own traits to the character.
Fleming used the casino to introduce Bond in his first novel because "skill at gambling and knowledge of how to behave in a casino were seen William Cook in New Statesman .
Bond's superior, M, was largely based on Godfrey, Fleming's NID superior officer;  Godfrey was known for his bellicose and irascible temperament.
Fleming later said of his work, "while thrillers may not be Literature with a capital L, it is possible to write what I can best describe as 'thrillers designed to be read as literature ' ".
The semiotician and essayist, Umberto Eco , in his examination of the Bond books, "The Narrative Structure of Ian Fleming", considered that Fleming "has a rhythm, a polish, a certain sensuous feeling for words.
That is not to say that Fleming is an artist; yet he writes with art. Casino Royale was written after, and was heavily influenced by, the Second World War;  Britain was still an imperial power,  and the Western and Eastern blocs were engaged in the Cold War.
In parts of central London, including Oxford Street and High Holborn still had uncleared bomb sites and, while sweets had ceased being rationed, coal and other food items were still regulated.
Casino Royale deals with the question of Anglo-American relations, reflecting the real-world central role of the US in the defence of the West. Amis, in his exploration of Bond in The James Bond Dossier , pointed out that Leiter is "such a nonentity as a piece of characterization The treachery of Le Chiffre, with the overtones of a fifth column , struck a chord with the largely British readership as Communist influence in the trade unions had been an issue in the press and parliament at the time.
Benson considers the most obvious theme of the novel to be good versus evil. In light of Bond's conversation, Butterfield identifies a crisis of confidence in Bond's character, where he has "moved beyond good and evil" to the point where he does his job not because of principles, but to pursue personal battles.
Black also identifies a mechanism Fleming uses in Casino Royale —and in subsequent Bond novels—which is to use the evil of his opponents both as a justification of his actions, and as a device to foil their own plans.
Black refers to the episode of the attempted assassination of Bond by Bulgarian assassins which results in their own deaths. Casino Royale was first released on 13 April in the UK as a hardback edition by publishers Jonathan Cape,  with a cover devised by Fleming.
John Betjeman , writing in The Daily Telegraph , considered that "Ian Fleming has discovered the secret of the narrative art Thus the reader has to go on reading".
The critic for Time magazine examined Raymond Chandler 's The Long Goodbye alongside Casino Royale ; he praised Casino Royale , saying that "Fleming keeps his incidents and characters spinning through their paces like juggling balls.
Writing for The New York Times , Anthony Boucher wrote that the book belongs "pretty much to the private-eye school" of fiction. You should certainly begin this book; but you might as well stop when the baccarat game is over.
For this Americanised version of the story, Bond is an American agent, described as working for "Combined Intelligence", while the character Leiter from the original novel is British, renamed "Clarence Leiter".
The agent for Station S. Feldman represented Ratoff's widow and obtained the rights to make a film version.
Casino Royale was the first James Bond novel to be adapted as a daily comic strip ; it was published in The Daily Express and syndicated worldwide.
McLusky felt that Fleming's looked too "outdated" and "pre-war" and changed Bond to give him a more masculine look.
Following the adaptation, the rights to the film remained with Columbia Films until when the studio, and the rights to their intellectual property portfolio was acquired by the Japanese company Sony.
This led to Eon Productions making the film Casino Royale. Casino Royale is a reboot ,  showing Bond at the beginning of his career as a agent and overall stays true to the original novel.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Casino Royale. James Bond is the culmination of an important but much-maligned tradition in English literature.
His genius was to repackage these antiquated adventures to fit the fashion of postwar Britain In Bond, he created a Bulldog Drummond for the jet age.
Ian Fleming Publications state that it was "in not much more than two months",  while the academic Jeremy Black states that it was on 18 March Ian's are the only modern thrillers with built-in commercials.
Retrieved 15 January Early draft of Casino Royale reveals what Ian Fleming wanted to call his super spy". The Independent on Sunday.
The National Interest The Times Literary Supplement. Bond kills Dimitrios and follows his henchman to the airport. He thwarts the destruction of Skyfleet's airliner , costing Le Chiffre his investment.
MI6 enters Bond in the tournament, believing a defeat will force Le Chiffre to seek asylum with the British government , which they will grant in exchange for information on his clients.
Bond gains the upper hand at the start of the game. During a break, Obanno, furious at the loss of his investment, ambushes Le Chiffre in his suite.
After Obanno leaves Le Chiffre's room, Bond engages him and strangles him to death. Vesper is traumatised by the encounter, but Bond comforts her.
When the tournament resumes, Bond loses his initial stake, and Vesper refuses to fund further playing. Leiter, on the verge of losing, agrees to stake Bond on the condition that the CIA takes custody of Le Chiffre after his defeat.
Bond rapidly rebuilds his position before the next break. Le Chiffre's girlfriend, Valenka , spikes Bond's martini with digitalis poison.
Bond induces vomiting and retreats to his Aston Martin to inject himself with an antidote. MI6 instructs him to use the defibrillator , but a wire is disconnected; Vesper saves Bond by reconnecting the wire.
Bond returns to the game just as Leiter loses his last hand to Le Chiffre. Le Chiffre trumps the other players, but Bond wins with a straight flush.
Bond pursues them in his Aston Martin. He sees Vesper lying in the road and swerves to avoid her, crashing his car. They are taken captive by Le Chiffre.
Le Chiffre tortures Bond for the password to the account containing the money, but Bond refuses to give in. As Le Chiffre prepares to castrate Bond, White bursts in and shoots him dead.
Bond decides to resign from MI6 to be with Vesper. Bond and Vesper travel to Venice. M calls Bond and tells him the money was never deposited.
Bond calls Mendel, the Swiss banker responsible for the monetary transactions following the poker tournament, to figure out what is going on.
Mendel informs Bond that the money has been deposited, but is being withdrawn as they speak. Realising Vesper has stolen it, Bond pursues her and her clients into a building.
The building is damaged in the struggle and begins to sink into the Grand Canal , with Vesper trapped inside. Bond kills Vesper's clients and attempts to save her, but she refuses his attempts and drowns.
White, watching nearby, walks away with the money. Bond rejoins MI6 and copes with Vesper's death by denouncing her as a traitor to M and to keep sweating Mathis.
M informs him the same organisation behind Le Chiffre had kidnapped Vesper's lover and threatened to kill him unless she became a double agent.
During the torture with Le Chiffre, Vesper made a deal: Bond discovers a text message left for him by Vesper with White's name and phone number.
At his estate in Lake Como , White receives a phone call from Bond. As he asks for the caller's identity, Bond shoots him in the leg, then introduces himself: The cameo was cut out of the in-flight versions shown on British Airways ' in-flight entertainment systems, and the Virgin Atlantic aircraft Branson supplied had its tail fin bearing the company logo obscured.
Casino Royale had been produced as a television episode and a satirical film. He explained, "the draft that was there was very faithful to the book and there was a confession, so in the original draft the character confessed and killed herself.
She then sent Bond to chase after the villains; Bond chased the villains into the house. I don't know why but I thought that Vesper had to be in the sinking house and Bond has to want to kill her and then try and save her.
Director Quentin Tarantino expressed interest in directing an adaptation of Casino Royale ,  but Eon were not interested. He claims to have worked behind the scenes with the Fleming family, and believed this was the reason why filmmakers finally went ahead with Casino Royale.
In February , Martin Campbell was announced as the film's director. Eon believed that they had relied too heavily on CGI effects in the more recent films, particularly Die Another Day , and were keen to accomplish the stunts in Casino Royale "the old fashioned way".
Pierce Brosnan had signed a deal for four films when he was cast in the role of James Bond. This was fulfilled with the production of Die Another Day in At this stage, Brosnan was approaching his 50th birthday.
Brosnan kept in mind fans and critics were not happy with Roger Moore playing Bond until he was 58 and speculation began that the producers were seeking to replace Brosnan with a younger actor.
At one point, producer Michael G. Wilson claimed there was a list of over names being considered for his replacement.
Wilson and Barbara Broccoli had assured him he would get the role of Bond, and Matthew Vaughn told reporters MGM offered him the opportunity to direct the new film, but Eon Productions at that point had not approached either of them.
Craig read all of Fleming's novels to prepare for the part, and cited Mossad and British Secret Service agents who served as advisors on the set of Munich as inspiring because, "Bond has just come out of the service and he's a killer.
These guys walk into a room and very subtly they check the perimeters for an exit. That's the sort of thing I wanted. Throughout the entire production period, Internet campaigns such as "danielcraigisnotbond.
The next important casting was that of the lead Bond girl , Vesper Lynd. Principal photography for Casino Royale commenced on 3 January and concluded on 20 July The film was primarily shot at Barrandov Studios in Prague, with additional location shooting in the Bahamas , Italy and the United Kingdom.
The shoot concluded at Pinewood Studios. However, Eon Productions encountered problems in securing film locations in South Africa.
In September , Martin Campbell and director of photography Phil Meheux were scouting Paradise Island in the Bahamas as a possible location for the film.
In addition to the extensive location filming, studio work including choreography and stunt co-ordination practice was performed at the Barrandov Studios in Prague, and at Pinewood Studios, where the film used several stages, the paddock tank and the Stage.
Further shooting in the UK was scheduled for Dunsfold Aerodrome in Surrey, the cricket pavilion at Eton College although that scene was cut from the completed movie and the Millbrook Vehicle Proving Ground in Bedfordshire.
After Prague, the production moved to the Bahamas. Several locations around New Providence were used for filming during February and March, particularly on Paradise Island.
Other scenes in the latter half of the film were shot in late May and early June at the Villa del Balbianello on the shores of Lake Como.
A recreation of the Body Worlds exhibit provided a setting for one scene in the film. The exhibition's developer and promoter, German anatomist Gunther von Hagens , also has a cameo appearance in the film,  although only his trademark hat is actually visible on screen.
In designing the credit sequence for the film, graphic designer Daniel Kleinman was inspired by the cover of the British first edition of Casino Royale , which featured Ian Fleming's original design of a playing card bordered by eight red hearts dripping with blood.
Kleinman said, "The hearts not only represent cards but the tribulations of Bond's love story. So I took that as inspiration to use playing card graphics in different ways in the titles," like a club representing a puff of gun smoke, and slashed arteries spurting thousands of tiny hearts.
Kleinman decided not to use the female silhouettes commonly seen throughout the Bond title sequences, considering that the women did not fit with both the film's spirit and the storyline following Bond falling in love.
For the rest of the film, Chris Corbould , the special effects and miniature effects supervisor, returned to a more realistic style of film making and significantly reduced digital effects.
According to Corbould, "CGI is a great tool and can be very useful, but I will fight to the tooth and nail to do something for real.
It's the best way to go". First on the schedule were the scenes on the Madagascar building site, shot in the Bahamas on the site of a derelict hotel which Michael G.
The stunt team built a model and put forward several ways in which the digger could conceivably take out the concrete, including taking out the pillar underneath.
A section of the concrete wall was removed to fit the digger and reinforced with steel. The modified aircraft had the outboard engines replaced by external fuel tanks, while the inboard engines were replaced by a mock-up pair of engines on each inboard pylon.
The cockpit profile was altered to make the look like a prototype of an advanced airliner. The sinking of the Venetian house at the climax of the film featured the largest rig ever built for a Bond film.
The rig, weighing some 90 tons, incorporated electronics with hydraulic valves which were closely controlled by computer because of the dynamic movement within the system on its two axes.
The same computer system also controlled the exterior model, which the effects team had built to one-third scale in order to film the building eventually collapsing into the Venetian canal.
The model elevator within the rig could be immersed in 19 feet 5. The soundtrack of Casino Royale , released by Sony Classical Records on 14 November , featured music composed by veteran composer David Arnold , his fourth soundtrack for the Bond film series, while Nicholas Dodd orchestrated and conducted the score.
The classic theme only plays during the end credits to signal the climax of his character arc. Only two days following the premiere, unlicensed copies appeared for sale in London.
Craig himself was offered such a DVD while walking anonymously through the streets of Beijing wearing a hat and glasses to avoid being identified.
In January , Casino Royale became the first Bond film ever to be shown in mainland Chinese cinemas. The Chinese version was edited before release, with the reference to the Cold War re-dubbed and new dialogue added during the poker scene explaining the process of Texas hold 'em , as the game is less familiar in China this addition is reminiscent of dialogue that was added to the American TV adaptation to explain the rules of baccarat , the game featured in the original book.
Casino Royale was the 4th highest-grossing film of , and was the highest-grossing instalment of the James Bond series until Skyfall surpassed it in November As well as features present from the release, the collector's edition contains an audio commentary , deleted scenes, featurettes and a storyboard-to-film comparison.
Casino Royale was released a third time on Blu-ray in with DTS audio and deleted scenes, but with less special features than the edition. In the United States, two fight scenes were censored to achieve a PG rating: The German edit of the film cuts a sequence where the bomb-planter at the airport breaks a man's neck, instead replacing it with an alternative take.
The mainland Chinese cut of the film also trims the torture scene and the stairway fight, as well as a shot of Bond cleaning his wound at the hotel, and a boat scene.
Critics responded with praise to the film, in particular to Craig's performance and credibility. During production, Craig had been subject to debate by the media and the public, as he did not appear to fit Ian Fleming's original portrait of the character as tall, dark and suave.
The Times compared Craig's portrayal of the character to that of Timothy Dalton , and praised the action as "edgy",  with another reviewer citing in particular the action sequence involving the cranes in Madagascar.
The film was similarly well received in North America. MSNBC gave the movie a perfect 5 star rating. The site's critical consensus reads, " Casino Royale disposes of the silliness and gadgetry that plagued recent James Bond outings, and Daniel Craig delivers what fans and critics have been waiting for: This is a screwed-up Bond, a rogue Bond, a bounder, a scrapper and, in the movie's astoundingly bleak coda, an openhearted lover.
Vicky Allan of the Sunday Herald noted Bond himself, and not his love interests, was sexually objectified in this film. A moment where he rises from the sea is reminiscent of Ursula Andress in Dr.
No ; he feels "skewered" by Vesper Lynd's criticism of him; "and though it would be almost unthinkable now have a female character in a mainstream film stripped naked and threatened with genital mutilation, that is exactly what happens to Bond in [the film].
Furthermore, I consider Daniel Craig to be the most effective and appealing of the six actors who have played , and that includes even Sean Connery.
Roger Moore wrote, "Daniel Craig impressed me so greatly in his debut outing, Casino Royale , by introducing a more gritty, unrefined edge to the character that I thought Sean [Connery] might just have to move over.
Craig's interpretation was like nothing we'd seen on screen before; Jimmy Bond was earning his stripes and making mistakes. It was intriguing to see him being castigated by M, just like a naughty schoolboy would be by his headmaster.
The script showed him as a vulnerable, troubled, and flawed character. Quite the opposite to my Bond! Craig was, and is, very much the Bond Ian Fleming had described in the books — a ruthless killing machine.
It was a Bond that the public wanted. However, the film met with mixed reactions from other critics. Rob Gonsalves of eFilmCritic.
Though American radio personality Michael Medved gave the film three stars out of four, describing it as "intriguing, audacious and very original In December , Casino Royale was named the best film of the year by viewers of Film The film appeared on many critics' top ten lists of the best films of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the film. For the film, see Casino Royale film. For other uses, see Casino Royale. British theatrical release poster.
Casino Royale soundtrack. Film portal James Bond portal s portal. Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 21 November